Quantifying non-recurring congestion impact on secondary incidents using probe vehicle data

As a significant cost and externality to economic efficiency, congestion is partly caused by traffic incidents. For more systematic, planned and coordinated incident management, quantifying a primary incident’s impact on secondary incidents is crucial and challenging. Many thresholds have been suggested in defining the secondary incidents, but there is no universal acceptance of a definition and corresponding set of measurement parameters. Static threshold methods cannot consider the actual representation of prevailing traffic conditions when the incidents took place. On the other hand, dynamic methods have disadvantages because necessary traffic detector data may not be available, and replication of the incidents using a simulation package can be time consuming. The novelty of this study rests in the attempt of a probe vehicle technique for capturing the dynamics of traffic evolution during the primary-crash incidents. Compared to the previous thresholds which have many errors, proposed speed contour map from Traffic Message Channel codes provides accurate feasible area for identification of secondary incidents.

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 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2020-10-28

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