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The rural economy is constituted of many economic activities as forest, fishing and of course agriculture, among others that are developed in nonurban areas. In this work the rural areas are analyzed from a spatial perspective (areal and georreferenced Information), in terms of density of population, distance to the centers of services and activities that are developed on them. The general objective is to quantify, characterize and hierarchize the rurality in the X Region of the Lakes – Chile, and to relate these levels to some developed economic activities. As specific objectives they are establish the density of population on a spatial resolution of 4.5 by 4.5 km, determine the levels of accessibility in terms of travel time for each density of population and characterize the economic activities and the relation of the income and level of poverty associated to the indicated spatial aspects. As work hypothesis subscribes that the size of the rural sector could be greater to the one officially indicated by the census of population. As results a gradient of rurality was done, constituting itself in a tool that allows in policy terms to understand better the effects that have the geographic conformation of a territory, as well as to identify better the situation and consequences of decisions at infrastructure level and other aspects of investment. Finally it constitutes a refinement of the concepts developed by the OECD, Chomitz (2004) and CIESIN.


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