Dynamic Capabilities in the Food Industry? - On the Applicability of the Evolutionary Orientated Resource Based View of Firm

An important indicator or even the crucial factor of the competitiveness of a company can be seen in its innovative capacity, i.e. the abstract capacity to launch continuous product innovations and to implement the required processes in the internal structure of an organization. This is also true for the food industry as several studies of the broad area of innovations in the food market have shown (Galizzi/Venturini, 1996). From a more macroeconomic perspective, the national innovation systems have been analyzed, as well as general trends in the food sector (Menrad, 2001). In the empirical literature we find several surveys analyzing the influence of the innovative performance of firms in the food industry (Herrmann et al., 1996; McNamara et al., 2003). Most of these contributions concentrate either on statements on the Input-Output Relationship of innovation activities or include analysis within the Structure-Conduct-Performance Paradigm provided by the scholars of the Harvard School. Both aspects are starting points for empirical research as well as in both cases the process-related and dynamic elements of innovation are treated as a black box. The general intention of this paper is to find a more theoretical framework which explains the innovative capacity of firms that are involved in the focused sector. In this regard the concept of Dynamic Capabilities provided by Teece et al. (1997) and Eisenhardt/Martin (2000) are broadly accepted as a useable explanation of firms' innovative capacity. Since these concepts were designed with a particular regard to typical high-tech industries like IT-branch, telecommunication and biotechnology, the question comes up if these approaches do essentially fit to those conditions we can observe on the food market. Thus, the purpose of this paper is twofold: first, we want to introduce and discuss the concepts of dynamic capabilities in the context of firms' innovative capacity and market dynamics. Second, we are going to analyse the explanatory power and finally the applicability of dynamic capabilities to the food industry. We will start with an introduction and critical discussions of the concepts of Dynamic Capabilities (II) that are regarded as the recent extension on RBV. In order to test the applicability of Dynamic Capabilities to the food market, we concentrate the analysis on three main criteria (III) derived from the theoretical background. Based on those, we will finally draw a conclusion (IV) on the applicability of the approach discussed.


Issue Date:
2007
Publication Type:
Conference Paper/ Presentation
DOI and Other Identifiers:
Record Identifier:
https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/6614
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/6614
Total Pages:
13
Series Statement:
Seminar Paper




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2020-10-28

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