The debate on the agrarian question necessarily refer to interpretations of capitalist development in the rural sphere. This debate begins in the nineteenth century and gained grip and political repercussions from the first half of the twentieth century. In this sense, many of the issues that involve the land question are necessarily related: 1) the monopoly of land ownership; 2) the unequal relations between landowners and peasants; 3) conflicts arising from the struggle for land. By following these clues that this paper object to demonstrate that the buildings with spaces for participation do more to mitigate possible conflicts than to resolve the question of the struggle for land that divides peasants contrary to landlords. The study, exploratory, has the realization of bibliographic and documentary research and allows us to infer that during the management of PT governments (2002-2015), social movements, particularly the landless movement (MST) began to reframe their ways of working, going to a concert stage and consensus with government technocracy, particularly in relation to the Ministry of Agrarian Development – now cast in the ministerial portfolio of Social Development –, which has as a direct consequence of the strengthening on the other hand the tactics of brazilian agribusiness, which represented the Ministry of Agriculture acquires every year more space and importance in the government strategy.