This report summarizes the distribution of Federal dollars in 1980 and assesses recent trends. Federal per capita funding remains unevenly divided among the regions; however, the advantage of the West and South may be moderating somewhat. The spread of some Federal programs into more rural counties may have peaked and there is evidence that the nonmetro funding gap has widened. Major differences remain in the way specific categories of programs are allocated. Nonmetro areas are behind urban areas in defense funding, but lead in agricultural and income security programs. Poorer nonmetro counties are especially reliant on public assistance programs.