The biological diversity issue is generally one of the most important environment al justice issues. EnvironmentaI justice leads us to think about equity. The value of biological diversity is closely related to equity issues. Action tor conserving biological diversity is based on equity issues. For in-proving biologicaI diversity, various PD Ii cy too Is may be needed and government should do something. Policy tools such as incentives must be adapted. The Korean government should consider introducing the I ease and management contract program, management contract programs for special activities such as adapting environmentaly-friendly farming, leaving summer crops without harvest, and providing resting areas, and a set-aside management contract program. The introduction of these program, make us our stride for achieving environmental justice.