This paper has the aim to investigate the characteristics of Rural Settlement Development Project (RSDP) as an integrated rural development program. For this, the general characteristics of the RSDP have been surveyed and a case study of the RSDP has been performed for Young-moon new village construction project. The following points have become clear from the above investigations. The RSDP has more stressed on the importance of the roles of the local government and the residents than other local development projects. However, local governments' roles and people's participation are limited. In this sense, the RSDP is a sort of transitory one from the top-down to the bottom-up system.