Participation in USDA’s Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): Effect of Local Labor Market Conditions in Oregon

This study investigates the relationship between local economic conditions in Oregon and spell lengths of USDA’s Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Using different indicators of economic conditions and different definitions of local labor market areas, the report finds evidence that improved labor market conditions were associated with an increased probability that a SNAP recipient in Oregon ended a participation spell. When local labor markets are delineated as commuting zones—our preferred definition—our results suggest that a 10-percent increase in local employment raises the average recipient’s probability of program exit by nearly 7 percent. The report shows that—when labor market conditions are measured in a more localized way than is typically done—SNAP recipients are found to be more responsive to labor market conditions.

Issue Date:
Sep 24 2018
Publication Type:
DOI and Other Identifiers:
Record Identifier:
Series Statement:
ERR 257

 Record created 2018-10-02, last modified 2020-10-28

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