Unfair trading practices in the dairy farm sector: Insights from an EU field survey

This paper examines the incidence of unfair trading practices (UTPs) in the dairy food supply chain. Drawing insights from data collected through a field survey among dairy farmers in five selected EU regions (France, Germany, Poland and Spain) we seek to understand the presence of UTPs across different stages of contract formulation and execution. The survey data were collected in 2017 and gathered 1248 observations. We identify a total of 29 types of UTPs across all different phases of contract development. Results show that 93% of surveyed farmers have reported at least one UTP, whereas 46% of surveyed farmers have reported at least three UTPs. The highest share of UTPs was found in the contract content followed by contract negotiation and contract execution. Further, our results suggest that there is not a strong relationship between the occurrence of UTPs and contract completeness although it is heterogeneous between studied regions.

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Conference Paper/ Presentation
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JEL Codes:
D22; L14

 Record created 2018-08-16, last modified 2020-10-28

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