The article is an aimed attempt at the diagnosis and evaluation of the educational level (character) of rural population in Poland perceived as educational advancement as well as of its environment (background). Growing importance of education in improving professional opportunities, changing educational aspirations and parents’ support as well as positive internal migration trends were emphasised. Rural regions are still lagging behind urban areas, though optimistic characteristics indicate receding stigmatisation and marginalisation of the Polish country with internal migration of young and educated individuals, including affluent ones (potential luxury goods buyers), to rural areas. In the semi urbanisation and suburbanisation processes the increase of rural population involves mostly areas adjacent to big agglomerations rather than peripheral villages. The study is based on analysis of public statistical Central Statistical Office of Poland data including the National Population and Housing Censuses of 1988, 2002, 2011, supplemented and deepened the Public Opinion Research Center (CBOS) opinion poll results in Poland and global reports from the area of urbanization and education.