Hot pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) is indigenous to the Caribbean region between latitudes of approximately l°-23° north or south of the equator. It has been consistently shown that in the region the cultivation of the hot pepper cultivars with Scoville (Heat) Test units of >200,000 (super hot group) for pungency is profitable and internationally competitive. The paper would offer a definition of "industry" and the hot pepper industry of the Caribbean would be defined. An outline of the requirements for the development of the industry would also be given. The presentation would highlight the comparative advantages of the hot pepper cultivars traditionally grown in the region and advance their international acclaim for distinct flavour, highly aromatic and super hot (capsaicin acid derivative).