The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) plays a special role in the European integration process and the implementation of a number of Community objectives beyond the traditional concept of functions of agriculture related to food production. Therefore, changes in progress, evolution and adaptation processes taking place in the framework of the CAP are characterised by high frequency and dynamics. They show how diverse and difficult conceptually and organisationally CAP system is. It fulfills the role in the evolution of economic and organisational solutions, economic development, the possibility of non-agricultural labour market, as well as the experience and changes in agriculture. The purpose of this article is a presentation of the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union in Polish agriculture.