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Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of returns from major groundwater irrigation technologies-deep tubewells and shallow tubewells-on the basis of a number of recent studies conducted in different areas of Bangladesh. The inter-year comparisons revealed that the returns of tubewell owners/managers as well as water users from irrigated HYV paddy production have significantly declined over the years, and the current level of returns are too low to provide incentives for improving performance of Irrigation or production. The major factors associated with the decline in returns from irrigation appeared to be a decline in yields, an increase in production costs and operation and maintenance costs, and very low harvest prices of paddy. Some areas of government interventions are suggested.

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