The paper presents results of research on own income rural communes in Poland. The analysis proceeds by way of the agricultural tax and the share of agricultural tax in their income in terms of total and per hectare of arable land. Shows the diversity of own revenue rural communes in terms of territorial according to the Classification of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS). The analysis showed an association of own revenues of communes to their type. The relationship between the level of revenue of their own, and link between sources of income from the land factor. In 2009-2010, a reduction of own revenues of communes was the result of adverse economic conditions and climate and weather especially in the southern region and south-western region.