The paper evaluates the agricultural incentives in terms of levels of protection of selected agricultural commodities in Bangladesh for the period 1980-1998. Secondary data from various official and private sources were collected and compiled to derive the necessary parameters and co-efficients used in the analysis. NPC and NRP were measured by the proportional difference between the domestic producer price and the border price (adjusting for distribution, transportation, and other marketing costs). Likewise EPC and ERP were measured by considering the value-added components for fuller protection representation of incentive. The results showed that the main cereal crop rice was marginally protected for the policy goal of self-sufficiency. Wheat, jute, and potato were negatively protected during the period under review. But sugar production was highly protected due to inefficiency in publicly managed enterprise.