This study examines technical efficiency of participatory and non-participatory resource-poor farmers of integrated crops management (ICM) project in the north-west region of Bangladesh. Sixty farmers of which 30 from participatory and another 30 from non-participatory group were randomly selected from six purposively selected villages of Kurigram Sadar Upazila of Kurigram district. ICM project participatory farmers received higher net returns than the non-participatory farmers from selected crop production. Participatory farmers were technically more efficient than non-participatory farmers. Higher level of education and larger farm size were found to contribute in reducing technical inefficiency of T. aman and MV boro producing farmers. Getting membership status of non-participatory farmers' was suggested to be an important factor in removing technical inefficiency.