Wheat is the principal food of about half of the world's population. Wheat makes up one half of the worldwide trade volume of grain. A steep increase in the global population is expected in the 21st century, with the greatest gains in Asia and Africa. According to statistics of the United Nations (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the growing population can be maintained by increased cereal production. However, there is a worldwide imbalance in supply and production. We propose a solution to the imbalance in production and supply that is based on the maritime transportation of wheat. This study examines the production, supply, and maritime transportation of wheat on a continent-by-continent basis, focusing primarily on shortages in Asia and Africa. A model for the analysis of maritime transportation of wheat is developed, and the requirements for maritime transportation of wheat are investigated and estimated.