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Abstract

Food safety scares affect consumption behavior, and increasingly food safety and animal life issues are impacting in­ ternational agricultural trade. This study examines how Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) discoveries in other countries importing U.S. swine meat have impacted U.S. swine meat exports to these countries. Annual trade data for sixteen countries used in this study are derived from the FAS/USDA. This study proposes a gravity model with panel data fixed-effect regressions to analyze the effects of FMD in countries that import U.S. swine meat. The results show that the FMD outbreaks in foreign countries have a significant positive influence on U.S. swine meat exports. However, if FMD-affected countries had a consecutive FMD outbreak, U.S. swine meat exports would be impeded

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