Although there are numerous studies of the aggregate impact of trade liberalization on WANA countries, few studies have examined the impact of trade liberalization on the agricultural sector and on income distribution. This study attempts to address this gap in the literature. First, we review agricultural trade patterns and previous research on thirteen WANA countries: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, the West Bank and Gaza, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, the Sudan, Somalia, Djibouti, and Yemen. Second, we examine the distributional impact of agricultural trade liberalization in three of these countries: Tunisia, Egypt, and Syria. For this analysis we use a combination of household survey data and computable general equilibrium (CGE) models. Third, we explore some of the reasons that these analyses show a relatively modest effect of trade policy on farm income and poverty.