Several studies have analyzed the importance of biotical and abiotical aspects to be considered in the evaluation of agro-environmental policies. However, only a few of them have addressed the problem of targeting agro-environmental policies. In this paper, it has been hypothesized that different environmental objectives, considered as priority criteria in political strategies, would influence budgetary allocations and subsequently, political decision-making. Using the Analytic Hierarchy Approach and Linear Programming, this hypothesis has been proved by taking the agro-environmental measures in Poland after the accession to the European Union (EU) as an example. The results of this study can be helpful for solving the questions of planning, evaluation, and budgetary allocations in a more objective-oriented way in different countries.