To spur rural development and food security, agricultural education and training in Africa has traditionally focused on increasing agricultural productivity on the farm. More recently, development practitioners and policy makers have broadened their attention to include agribusiness or agro-industries. However, the role of Agricultural Education and Training in fostering agribusiness growth in developing countries is relatively underexplored. This paper analyses the current state of agribusiness education and training in Sub-Saharan Africa. The paper is organised around five objectives. First, the paper characterises the macroeconomic environment—political, economic, social and technological—in which agribusiness development is taking place in Africa. Against this background, the implications for Agricultural Education and Training of a growing and evolving agribusiness sector are explored. With a focus on agricultural economics departments, the paper assesses the current status of agribusiness education and training offered in African academic institutions. While significant progress has been made in integrating agribusiness management into university curricula, the current offerings are far from comprehensive. Using a case study approach, new models of executive training for agribusiness being offered by non-governmental organisations, academic institutions and the private sector are benchmarked. The paper concludes by recommending strategies for developing agribusiness education and training initiatives so as to bridge the gap between current offering and industry needs.