An Economic Analysis of Land Reclamation Technologies for Amelioration of Irrigation-induced Soil Degradation

The economic feasibility of land reclamation technologies adopted by the farmers of Tungbhadra Command Area in Karnatka for amelioraion of irrigation-induced soil degradation has been studied. The data have been analysed using tabular method and partial budgeting method. It has been found that the available technologies are not being spread effectively among the affected farm households. Amongst different technologies followed by the farmers, adoption of leaching has been found least costly and could result in an incremental output of 14 quintals per hectare on saline soils of both head- and mid-regions. Green manuring has been observed to be another effective technology and could enhance crop yields on saline as well as waterlogged soils. Partial budgeting analysis has suggested that the technologies are viable irrespective of the farm size. Biological measures such as adoption of salt-resistant crop varieties can be profitable for small and marginal farmers. Instead of leaving their lands fallow due to their inability to adopt capital-intensive technologies, they should adopt them for land reclamation and higher returns.

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Agricultural Economics Research Review, 18, 1
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 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2020-10-28

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