The trends of composite and individual infrastructural indicators, fertilizer and HYVs have been examined and their impacts on agricultural productivity in Uttar Pradesh have been reported. The trend of composite infrastructure index has shown sharp fluctuations, while electrified villages and rural roads have indicated a rising trend. The agricultural productivity and fertilizer have shown increasing trend with marginal fluctuations, while HYVs have illustrated an increasing trend at a decreasing rate. The impact of composite infrastructure index, fertilizer and HYVs on agricultural productivity has been found positive and significant. Analysis of the impact of individual infrastructural indicators has revealed that the electrified villages along with fertilizer and HYVs have positive and significant impact, while rural roads have an insignificant impact.