This work evaluated the technical efficiency of productive resources utilization in small milk production farmers located in Viçosa region, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The study comprised small milk producers who have received technical assistance from a program created by the Federal University of Viçosa and Nestlé. The technical efficiency was evaluated using the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) technique. The results obtained show that there are some farmers efficient and others inefficient. It was also observed that, during the 1999-2003 period, the technical efficiency has improved in the most of the farmers analyzed.