This policy brief outlines a number of steps for strengthening Mozambique’s seed system based on interviews conducted in the year 2000 and a review of existing literature. These include measures to speed the distribution of new seed varieties, and to place this distribution on a more sustainable footing. Recommendations are offered for strategies to better link variety development with seed multiplication and distribution. Proposals are highlighted to improve the complementarities of public and commercial investments in the national seed system. Opportunities for improving the efficiency of seed delivery through emergency relief programs are briefly reviewed. The paper concludes with a call for greater dialogue across all elements of the national seed sector in order to speed the pursuit of a common agenda for seed system development.