The paper evaluates effectiveness and efficiency of various measures of Rural Development Plan 2004-2006 and Sectoral Operational Program for Agriculture applied in Poland after 2004 accession to the UE. The main method used was a regional computable general equilibrium (CGE) model called RegPol covering 16 Polish NUTS 2 regions and 15 sectors of the Polish economy. The paper proofs that among the most efficient measures are those granted in form of investment subsidies (e.g. investments in agricultural farms, support for processing companies, support for rural infrastructure, etc.) and among least efficient measures were those granted in form of direct income transfers (e.g. early retirement) and in form of land subsidies (support for less favored areas, or LFA). Based on the survey method the study also reveals an unfavorable situation where the most efficient measures in rural programs are the most difficult to absorb hence less popular among beneficiaries, while those least efficient are easy and thus more popular, especially in less developed regions. At the end largest support was granted to predominantly rural and predominantly agricultural regions, which however, were not very efficient. However, some cohesion effect had been achieved.