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Abstract

Committed marketing cooperatives have ensured member support and because of pooling may have higher leverage relative to buy-sell cooperatives. The hypothesis tested in this article is that marketing cooperatives with pooling have less market risk compared with those without pools and as a consequence can incur more financial risk and command greater leverage. Using an econometric approach to control for size of cooperative, empirical results suggest that pooling cooperatives have increased leverage, about 9 percent more than nonpooling cooperatives.

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