North Dakota and Minnesota are currently witnessing a renewal in the growth of cooperative enterprises. At the heart of this renewal lies the so-called New Generation Cooperative (NGC), a term that has been applied to the dozens of value-added processing, selected membership cooperatives that have recently formed in the region's agricultural sector. A key organizational feature of NGCs is the linking of producer capital contributions and product delivery rights. This paper describes the organizational features of NGCs and positions them in the broader context of cooperative incentive structures, governance structures, and the cooperative development process. More generally, the paper uses NGCs as a lens through which important elements of cooperative theory can be reviewed.