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Rural employment is one of the most important item of the Common Agricultural Policy reform. Attractiveness and development of rural areas are strictly linked to quality of job opportunities in rural areas. In addiction role of migrant workforce in primary sector viability is not enough considered. So it’s necessary to build a conceptual framework to analyse the interaction existing between immigration and agricultural labour market. Therefore the first aim of the paper is to build such framework considering the several approaches which can be used to face the issue. This framework is used to analyse the Italian case; Italy has become an important destination for migrations, and in this country a migrant workforce plays an important role in the agricultural activities. In Italy the employ of migrants in primary sector seems to agree with two different patterns: in some cases it seems to cope the mismatch of preference between Italian workers desires and actual opportunities; in other cases it seems to defer a necessary renewal process towards quality productions and more sustainable (both environmentally and socially) processes. Italian evidence gives the opportunity to reflect on the necessity to support the actual reform of the CAP with a migration policy which is able to take in account heterogeneity of territorial contexts. At the same time, stand the increasing importance of subordinate employment, CAP should start to involve policies aiming to improve working condition as it has already stated in occasion of the Fishler Reform (European Commission (2002).


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