Excerpts from the report Foreword: One characteristic of our times is change, and change brings with it challenges, opportunities, and problems. As we have looked forward to the 1970's, we have taken a new look at the Nation's rangelands and their importance to all segments of society. Half of the United States is rangeland, and as population, industrialization, and urbanization increase, rangeland's role expands. The economy of many localities and regions depends on range resources. In meeting the challenge of the 1970's and adapting to changes in society’s needs, what is the best way to proceed with research on the problems of managing, conserving, and using rangelands?