Excerpts from the report Introduction: A country elevator is a marketing facility located in a grain producing area to receive, safely store, and ship grain to terminal elevators, mills, and other processing plants. Grain is weighed, sampled, and tested on receipt. It may be dried or cleaned before it is put into storage. While in storage, the grain may be turned or aerated and fumigated to help maintain its quality. Grain is usually shipped by rail but sometimes by barge or tractor-trailer truck.