The purpose of this bulletin is to describe grading and inspection of poultry so that consumers, producers, and marketing agencies can understand each process and its function in a sound marketing program. Producers and consumers both stand to gain from a dependable quality determination and a reliable inspection for wholesomeness. These programs make it possible for producers to receive a greater return for better quality, and for consumers to compare prices in relation to quality and make the most economical use of their food dollar. The regulations for inspection and the standards for determination of quality presented in this bulletin have been successfully applied on a large scale. Recognizing the value of a sound inspection program, Congress enacted legislation on August 28, 1957, which requires that all poultry and poultry products moving in interstate or foreign commerce be inspected for wholesomeness.