Excerpts from the report Preface: Many commercial farms produce only small quantities of crops and livestock. These farms find it difficult to adjust to the rapid technological changes in farming. Better use of resources on these farms would not only add to the national output; it would improve both the efficiency and the income of agriculture. Along with our many family farms that are modem mechanized units with adequate resources, we have many that are small and are using outdated techniques and machinery. The two kinds of farms are even found frequently within the same areas or types of farming. The major aim of this report is to provide facts about the conditions of production on small family farms which will help to promote more productive uses of labor and other resources in their localities. The report outlines major low-production farming areas, estimates current levels of productivity, and develops information on production and the use of resources.