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Abstract

Poland became a member of the European Union upon the Accession Treaty of 1 May 2004. As a result, the objective was to include domestic agricultural producers in the direct payment scheme and other rural development and agricultural support instruments functioning in successive financial frameworks executed as part of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Union. The aim of the present study has been to evaluate the importance of direct payments on crop production from EU funds in the opinion of farmers of the Barcin commune (the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Province). The level of satisfaction with the crop production payments received, what the funds from the payments are used for and the expectations of the farmers in terms of the payments were investigated. The study involved the use of the survey method, a survey questionnaire carried out in 2014, which included 100 farmers. Results have shown that direct payments were appreciated by farmers who allocated the funds to meet current needs and investment purposes. The payments have enhanced the respondents’ produce quality and provided additional technical equipment on the farm. An increase in agricultural income due to European Union funds has encouraged farmers to remain in the farming profession in the future.

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