Burley tobacco farms in five areas of Kentucky and Tennessee averaged 2.4 acres of tobacco. Burley producers harvested an average of 23 acres of other crops in addition to burley tobacco. Sixty-three percent of the farms produced livestock. Over two-thirds of the operator households had one or more members with off-farm employment in 1976. An average of 342 hours of labor was used per acre to produce the burley crop. The small burley acreages per farm constrain development and adoption of labor-saving technology. Loose leaf sales of burley may offer the greatest potential for cost savings to farmers. This report provides a basis for understanding the structure of burley tobacco farming and evaluating technological, institutional, and demand changes.