The report Summary: Large numbers of people are still employed in the production, marketing, and processing of flue-cured tobacco in the Southeastern United States. Mechanization and new technology in this industry, and the resulting displacement of workers, could constitute a problem of substantial social and economic proportions unless new employment opportunities are developed. Full mechanization of the tobacco industry, however, is tending to be inhibited by certain environmental forces. Uncertainty about future demand for tobacco products surely influences investment decisions of farmers. Government tobacco programs, which limit acreage and production and restrict leasing and rental arrangements, are largely barriers to the adoption of full-scale mechanization. Also, extensive program changes and rapid mechanization would have important implications for the people involved.