Excerpt from the report Introduction: Public water and sewage systems have become an integral part of community life. These systems have enabled communities to assure an adequate supply of water for domestic and industrial use and an efficient means of collecting waste materials. Because of the importance of water and sewage systems in maintaining community health. Federal programs have been initiated to assist communities in obtaining adequate facilities. Heretofore, very little information has been available on the extent of communities lacking public facilities. This study was undertaken to determine the number, location, and size of the communities without public water systems and without public sewage facilities and the degree to which Federal assistance programs have helped in establishing these facilities.