Excerpts from the report Introduction: The prosperity of the United States has reached an unprecedented level. The National Government has adopted policies to reduce the severity of cyclical disturbances in the economy and to maintain a high and rising level of production and wealth. Yet, one-fifth of the population is not sharing the national prosperity. Poverty continues to exist. It is concentrated most noticeably in the heart of big cities, and continues to be the normal lot of rural residents in many places. Poverty remains a broad regional phenomenon and permeates every major section of the country. Furthermore, it is not monolithic. There are several types of poverty affecting different segments of the rural population in different ways at different places. Broader views of regional situations and new kinds of policy are evidently needed in order to solve this problem.