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In 1979, approximately 2.7 million individuals 14 years old and older did farmwork for cash wages and salary. Three-fourths of these workers were White, 12 percent were Hispanic and 13 percent were Black and Other. Most farmworkers were male (78 percent) and young (57 percent were less than 25 years old). Farmworkers most frequently resided in the South (40 percent) and North Central Regions (30 percent); and most lived at nonfarm residences (83 percent). The annual average income in 1979 was $4,185, of which $2,444 was earned from working an average of 102 days at farmwork. The remainder of this income came from nonfarm work. Migrant workers accounted for 8 percent (217,000 persons) of the total hired farmwork force.


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