In 2001, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Council approved the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) as an executing agency under its policy of expanded opportunities for executing agencies. Today, IFAD’s collaboration with the GEF has grown to over 43 national and regional projects, covering the GEF focal areas of biodiversity, climate change, international waters, land degradation and sustainable forest management. It also encompasses the GEF’s former operational programme areas. This partnership has delivered important environmental and socio-economic benefits for many people across the world. These benefits include more resilient livelihoods that bring economic, educational and health gains to local communities, while reducing pressure on ecosystems and precious resources, as well as and improving management of forest, land and water.