This paper is a summary and synthesis of a series of three papers dealing with private incentives for sustainable agricultural outcomes. There is a large and still growing literature on ameliorating the undesirable environmental consequences of agriculture. Much of that literature deals with public policy and regulatory approaches to eco-friendly farming. While we have learned much from that past research and analysis, the premise of this suite of papers is that private decisions are crucial for putting global agriculture on a more sustainable footing. To meet the increasing demand for food as a result of population growth and economic development, agriculture must continue to grow more food. The challenge is to do this while protecting natural resources and the environment and also enabling farmers to make a decent living.