The purpose of the analysis was to determine the degree of use of renewable energy sources in Poland in comparison to other EU countries. The article presents the degree of use of renewable energy sources in Poland against a background of European Union countries together with the quantitative use of renewable energy sources in Poland, since 2010. Poland, like other EU countries, aims at meeting its obligations towards the energy union policy and achieving the target for energy from renewable sources by 2020, in accordance with the adopted EU strategy “Europe 2020”. The results and ways of achieving the goal by Poland were presented, as well as the breakdown of Member State contributions, which are the sum of EU-level goals by 2030. Research was based on secondary data obtained from the EU statistical agency Eurostat. The publication uses, among others: analysis of domestic and foreign literature sources and analysis of secondary data expressed in real values, the results of which are presented in tabular form. For the purposes of this publication, a method of targeted selection of quantitative parameters was used, which will allow an analysis and comparison of the degree of renewable energy development in Poland and the EU. The analyzes covered the years 2010-2017. The analyzes carried out indicate that the slowdown or growth in achieving the goal is largely influenced by current economic development or slowdown, expenditure on supporting renewable energy policy, administrative procedures and current country policy. Trends in the use of renewable energy depend on, among others the above factors.