Small ruminants are mainly kept for immediate cash sources and they are also sources of foreign currency. Nonetheless, there is a lack of well-functioning marketing systems. In addition, the different live animals supplied to the market by pastoralists and farmers do not meet the quality attributes required by diverse markets. Randomly 1120 farmers were selected and using double hurdle model, the article identified determinants of participation decision and level of participation in small ruminants market in 7 districts of five regional states of Ethiopia. Out of the total interviewed households, 77.3% and 22.7% were participated and not-participated to the small ruminants market, respectively. The first-hurdle model estimation results for participation decision indicate that Region, access to credit, distance to the market, distance to veterinary service, extension contact and access to market information were found that significantly influenced small ruminants’ market participation The results also show that most of the factors determining decision of participation also determined the level of small ruminants market participation. Therefore, government or any other bodies who are concerned on small ruminants product should help producers on Improving the accessibility of market places; need to facilitate a long term relationship with different actors in order to get reasonable price for the producers.