Solving rural poverty is the most urgent problem to be solved in the current rural revitalization strategy. The "alienation" of farmer organizations makes it difficult to give full play to the function of farmer organizations. The institutionalized obstacle of urban-rural dual division restricts the urban integration of migrant workers. There is an institutional conflict between the construction of new countryside and rural urbanization. It is the best way for farmers to find a suitable model for local development according to local conditions, but the exploration and practice of rural development model will be a complex and tortuous process.