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Abstract

Global G.A.P. compliance has often become a key requirement for farmers to ac- cess high-value global markets. Yet, the global spread of certification is highly un- even among countries. We assess the drivers and dynamics behind these unequal patterns, applying panel data regressions. Findings show that global agricultural trade networks remain relevant, but are no longer sufficient in explaining certifica- tion. Fostering a favourable business environment – via providing secure land tenure and a functioning judicial system – as well as investing in transportation and infor- mation infrastructure may facilitate farmers’ participation in certification schemes. Stringency of existing public regulations is helpful for overcoming entry barriers.

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