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Abstract

Rural development is the process of improving economic recovery in rural areas. The process usually includes problem analysis, determining appropriate resources, and providing sustainable solutions to these problems by evaluating resources efficiently. The goal of rural development initiatives is to reshape the rural sector and provide a better, safer and more sustainable way of life to rural communities. Families who live in rural areas face many problems such as inadequate health care, education and food. These problems are the main areas of struggle for coping with rural development. Although rural development in developed countries can be used in different meanings, the background is always seen to include improving economic conditions of people. Rural development strategies aim to improve the social and economic situation of people in rural areas and intend to create a more developed community with the help of high level methods of production and socio-economic justice. The evaluation of agricultural policies for this rural development planning is also a priority element in the development of the mentioned rural area because agriculture is the main means of livelihood for the rural people to lead their lives. Accurate investments in agriculture can increase productivity of agricultural laborers and soil, and thereby income of farmers that improve the life standards of rural poor communities can increase. This research has focused on the importance of right agricultural policies in rural development, accordingly. In this sense, agricultural policies of some developing countries such as Brazil and India, will be examined from and the effects of different strategies applied will be tried to be revealed.

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