Songpan County is a poverty-stricken county in the four provinces of China, one of the concentrated areas in China. This paper analyzes the effectiveness of land consolidation in Songpan County to promote poverty alleviation and development through specific cases. The results show that land remediation has improved agricultural production conditions, promoted agricultural efficiency, increased farmers’ income, improved rural living conditions, promoted the development of urban and rural integration, improved the ecological environment, solved the problem that restricts the survival and development of poverty-stricken areas, enhanced the ability of farmers to develop themselves, raised the level of civilization in rural areas, and promoted poverty alleviation and development. The poverty alleviation and development has provided certain financial support for land remediation. It has promoted land remediation, and pointed out key directions for land remediation. It has an indirect promotion effect on land remediation.