The aim of the study was to determine synthetic indicators of development of agriculture and rural areas diversifying farmers’ activity in applying for support under the measure “Setting up of young farmers” under the RDP 2007-2013 in gminas of Wielkopolskie Voivodeship. The research covered 207 rural and urban-rural gminas. The synthetic indicators characterising agriculture and rural areas were identified for each gmina. The presented research results show that the frequency of application for the EU funds under the analysed measure has higher values on areas dominated by intensive farming and favourable demographic structure. It is lower, though, for gminas with well-developed entrepreneurship and organic farming.