The agricultural sector of Western Balkan (WB) countries/territories faces major structural and competitiveness issues; in order for the sector to modernize and to approximate to the European Union (EU) standards, they will need to overcome the obstacles in land market. This paper presents the findings of a cross-country analysis of the land market functioning in selected WB countries/territories (Albania, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republic of Srpska, Kosovo*1, Republic of North Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia) with a focus on small farms’ access to land. Analysis is based on data and information collected with the means of survey questionnaire and focus groups with the relevant stakeholders in the countries/territories under review. Results show that the analysed agricultural land markets in WB are generally underdeveloped and that the small farmers have poor access to land and agricultural credits. Among the analysed countries/territories, Serbia has the most developed agricultural land market.