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The paper explored farmer-cattle herder conflict and possible preventable and management strategies to ameliorate the situation. The paper was based on desk review of available relevant literature. Information was accessed through web search, journals, newspapers, magazines, books and reports. The causes of the conflict were divided into two – immediate and remote causes. The immediate causes identified included: destruction of crops by cattle, contamination of drinking water sources and sexual harassment of women by herders. Also, the status of farmer-cattle herder conflict was discussed. The current status is worrisome as herders are now carrying sophisticated weapons and farmers are threatening to follow suit for self defence. The effects of the conflict included: loss of lives and property, reduction in output of farmers and herdsmen and displacement of farmers and herders. The strategies to prevent the conflict were: creation of awareness of climate change, tree planting campaign and use of improved technology. Furthermore, strategies to manage the conflict included: setting up of peace-building committee, establishment of open communication channels and payment of compensation. The paper concludes that there is overwhelming need for involvement of all stakeholders and the desirability of coexisting together. This can go a long way in preventing/managing farmer- cattle herder conflict in Nigeria


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